The Facial Nerve (CN VII)Uploader: Tom 12 month ago Subscribe 7673
Which bone of the skull is this located in? However, a wide range of landmarks have been proposed in the literature and often due to historic reasons, some of the most widely used rely on soft tissue landmarks which are variable between individuals [ 4 ]. The palpable zygomatic arch is marked as is the pre-auricular incision. In contrast zygomatic branch of facial the upper ZN, the lower ZN was located more superficially 1. A small area around the concha of the auricle. Outcomes of facial nerve injury can be devastating for patients as paralysis of facial musculature has significant medical, cosmetic and psychological consequences [ 123 ]. Within the parotid gland, the facial nerve terminates by bifurcating into five motor branches. Therefore, using this methodology, more precise measurements can be obtained in 3D and zygomatic branch of facial across raters. Immediately distal to this, motor branches are sent to the posterior belly of the digastric muscle and to the stylohyoid muscle. Here, they are in very close proximity to the inner ear.